What’s That Gap In Between My Teeth?

May 02, 2016

What is diastemaHave you heard of the condition called, ‘diastema’. Although you may not have heard that exact word before we’re sure you have heard of or know someone that has this condition. ‘Diastema’ refers to the unwanted gap in between two adjacent teeth. This aberration usually appears in between the two front upper teeth though the term applies to gaps manifesting anywhere else too. Human body and physiology is a complex thing and this particular condition can manifest for a variety of reasons.

What’s causing those gaps?

In this condition, when there is a mismatch between the jaw size and the teeth a person will wind up with either crowding of teeth or unwanted gaps. Size is not the sole cause factor for gaps. At times gaps result because some teeth are missing or are undersized. This generally affects the upper lateral incisors causing teeth to spread apart and become gapped. ‘Diastema’ can also result because of an over-sized labial frenum which is a tissue that extends from the inside of the upper lip to the gums above the two frontal teeth. Many of us acquire certain undesirable habits as kids like sucking one’s thumb. As a young child you don’t see the harm, but inevitably your front teeth get pulled forward and gaps start showing up. Another cause is an incorrect swallowing reflex which manifests in two ways. One is the pressing of the tongue against the palate during swallowing and the second is called a tongue thrust where the tongue presses against the front teeth thus pushing them outwards.


The most common route to follow is the use of braces to move the teeth to the desired places. Many types of braces are available depending on the severity of the gap. The treatment for smaller incisors may require widening which is achieved by use of crowns, veneers or bonding. Spaces that come about as a result of permanent tooth loss may need dental implants, bridges or a partial denture.

The experienced orthodontist at Cronauer and Angelakis are eager to get you on your way to fixing your diastema or any other conditions you may have. Contact our office today to see how we can help you.


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